At a Glance
Paediatric is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Paediatric surgery arose in the middle of the 20th century as the surgical care of birth defects required novel techniques and methods and became more commonly based at children’s hospitals. Subspecialties of paediatric surgery itself include: neonatal surgery and fetal surgery. Other areas of surgery also have paediatric specialties of their own that require further training: paediatric cardiothoracic surgery, paediatric nephrology surgery, paediatric neurosurgery, and paediatric urological surgery.
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